One of Germany’s most important national symbols. Today it is a symbol of both the German and European reunification. In the cold war it was a symbol of the divided Germany as well as Europe, and prior to 1945 was the symbol respectively Prussian, German and Nazi militarism. It is located on Pariser Plat, forming end of Unter den Linden and input from Tiergarten.
The first Brandenburg Gate was built in 1734 when Berlin was equipped with an external toldmur, and this port marked road towards the town of Brandenburg an der Havel. In 1788 decided King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia to let a peace sport behave in honor of his famous uncle and predecessor King Frederick II, also called “the Great”. The gate was built by Carl Gotthard Langhans in the years 1788-91 after the classic model. The port is 65.5 meters high and has 5 inputs with two gatehouses in the side, in which the god of war Mars keeps watch. In 1793 performed Johann Gottfried Schadow the famous hestefirspand – quadriga – which at that time was ridden by peace goddess Eirene.
In 1807 Napoleon took Berlin by the French military victory over Prussia at Auerstadt outside Jena. Napoleon was carrying hestefirspandet to Paris where it was supposed to be exhibited at the Louvre. However, it was never unpacked, and in 1814, when General Blucher arrived in Paris, it was sent back to Berlin. Before it was revived, it was through restored, and Karl Friedrich Schinkel replaced Eirenes laurel wreath with a egeløvsombundet Prussian iron cross, so that the trolley driver now trains out as victory goddess Viktoria. In the vernacular got Quadriga name R etourkutsche (return coachman).
When the troops returned home in triumph, was the gateway been the natural place to march through. Respectively in 1864 66 and again in 1870 returned victorious Prussian troops home to Berlin and to the tribute after victories in the three wars against Denmark, Austria and France, Germany overall, the Customs wall torn down in 1867/68, and as the only one of the gates the Brandenburg Gate below.
When the German troops went off in August 1914, it was again through the gate, but not when they came home from the war. Both the Weimar Republic as the Nazis used the door’s symbolism to emphasize their triumphs. The most famous episode was SA’ernes march through the gate when Hitler won power 30 January 1933rd
The gate survived the second world war, but not unscathed. For instance, Quadriga almost destroyed. The gate was located right on the border between East and West Berlin. In the years 1956-58, when it was still possible to move between the two parts of Berlin fairly easily, the two parts also common on restoring port. However decided DDR to remove the Prussian eagle and victory wreath from Viktoria, as this was seen as Prussian militarism . In the eastern part said in general about the victory of symbolism that Victory Goddess faces east when victory is on the way to the east, and that socialism is the future . In the western part replied to by saying … if victory is coming your way, so it can only come from somewhere, and it is from the west …
In 1961 built the Berlin Wall and Brandenburg Gate was one of the most visible symbols of a divided Berlin, Germany and Europe.
In 1987 held US President Ronald Reagan, one of the most famous speeches in front of the Brandenburg Gate, where he said: ” Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate, Mr. Gorbachev, Tear down this wall!”.
Two years after, this prophecy fulfilled as the Brandenburg Gate was officially opened 22 December 1989. New Year’s Eve celebrations 1989-90 went hard on the port when dozens of Berliners climbed on it and marked their newfound community in a sometimes too flippant joy.
The Brandenburg Gate was completed restored in 2003, and the port has since been closed off to traffic with two enclosed spaces on each side: Pariser Platz on Unter den Linden and the Platz des 18.März (18 March 1848) facing the Strasse des 17th June.
History Travel v. Anders Bager Eriksen recommend: On a trip to Berlin, you will inevitably come to the Brandenburg Gate. If you come from the Pariser Platz, you encounter a stream of tourists and street performers. Pariser Platz has in one corner Adlon Hotel, known as one of Berlin’s most exclusive hotels, with red carpet and butler out front. The neighboring building is the Akademie der Künste , which today is modern and provides an opportunity to emerge into Berlin’s contemporary art history. Then follows the American Embassy that first was finished in 2008. Of particular note is how little safety distance that Americans have gotten. It is from Pariser Platz to the grandest pictures can be taken. It is a closer look at the history of the Brandenburger Tor in an information stand on Pariser Platz. When you pass through the gate to get to the site 18 March. But there is one in an area filled with traffic lights and the direction of the Strasse des 17 June, where one can see the figure of Petrarch universe “Råberen” who call for freedom and a little further on the Soviet memorial in West Berlin . If you go right out of the Brandenburg Gate when you come first to a row of white crosses, which is set to honor the people who tried to escape over the wall, but did not survive. Then you come to the German parliament, normally point called Reichstag Building.